Acharya Sushrut, pioneer of the Sushrut Samhita, has discussed about ShatKriyakala in his treatise in the chapter entitled ‘Vran-prashniya Adhyaya’. It is a phenomenon observed in almost all the disorders. The concept of ShatKriyakala is applicable in nidana aspect for proper diagnosis and gives an idea to plan the line of treatment of that disease. The concept of ShatKriyakala is of utmost importance from public health intervention point of view and more especially from the perspective of disease control stratagem. Kriyakala is similar to what has been described as disease cycle or natural history of disease in modern medicine. Modern diagnostic tools have equipped the doctor to identify any disease and treat it in Sthana Samshraya stage only whereas Ayurveda emphasizes on maintaining homeostasis by taking proper measures in initial stages of ShatKriyakala. The strategies described in ShatKriyakala for the prevention and management of clinical entities can be applied at individual and community level which bears considerable public health importance. Hence, the concept of ShatKriyakala delineated in classical treatises of Ayurveda are of great significance.
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