Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica linn., family - Phyllanthaceae) is commonly known as amla in hindi and Indian gooseberry in english. It is one of the important ayurvedic herb which is used since ages for treatment of various health problems. Amla has very high nutritive value. It is used as medicinal herb for treatment of diseases as well as in our daily diet in form of pickles, murraba, sweet jams and candies etc. Fruit of amla is widely used in the Indian system of medicine as diuretic, laxative, liver tonic, refrigerant, hair tonic, ulcer preventive, stomachic, restorative, anti-pyretic and for common cold, fever. Various phytochemical studies on amla revealed major chemical constituents like tannins, alkaloids, polyphenols, vitamins and minerals. Gallic acid, ellagic acid, emblicanin A & B, phyllembein, quercetin and ascorbic acid are found to be biologically effective in many ways. Amla is also testified to possess potent free radical scavenging, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic, immunomodulatory activities, which are effective in the prevention and treatment of various diseases like cancer, atherosclerosis, diabetes, liver and heart diseases.
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